Side effects of anabolic steroids in men and women: the consequences of the use of pharmacology
What are the side effects after taking anabolic drugs? Typical problems in men and women. How to avoid side effects and minimize
Anabolic steroids (anabolic steroids) – pharmacological
drugs synthesized on the basis of testosterone. Substances found wide
use in sports and bodybuilding due to the ability to accelerate protein synthesis.
And protein is the main component of muscle tissue.
Steroids are one of the main drugs. For increase
sports results require long-term course use of drugs.
Action of pharmacological testosterone analogs
divided into anabolic (the ability to increase muscle mass and strengthen bones)
and androgenic (the appearance of male secondary sexual characteristics and traits). Like
any pharmacological agents, anabolics cause the development of side reactions
and adverse events when abused. Since biology and physiology
is different for men and women, then some side effects of steroids differ.
Features of side effects in women
The amount of testosterone in the male body is 10-35
times higher than in the female. Therefore, the androgenic effect in men is not so noticeable.,
like women. The most common side effects from use
steroids among men:
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Ø Reduction of testicle size
Ø Low sperm count
Ø Increased risk of prostate cancer
Ø Violation of urination
Ø Irreversible breast enlargement
Ø Hair loss
Consequences of a course of steroids and an increase in testosterone in
the female body leads to the development of virilization and masculinization.
Virilization is the process of expressing traits,
typical for men. Virilization symptoms associated with intake
anabolic steroids include the following:
Ø Increased work
Ø Lack of ovulation
Ø Spontaneous abortion
Ø Menstrual disorders
Ø Atrophy and diseases
Masculinization is the acquisition of physiological
traits characteristic of men. The process is characterized by the following buy testosterone enanthate online manifestations:
Ø Change the tone of voice
due to thickening of the vocal folds
Ø Coarsening of facial features
Ø Clitoris hypertrophy
Ø Excessive hair growth on
Ø Early hair loss on
Ø Reduction of the amount of subcutaneous fat
What are the side
effects of anabolic drugs?
The side effects of steroids depend on many factors:
gender and age, health status, anabolic dose and duration of administration.
Adverse reactions are divided systematically. The most common side effects are described below.
action of anabolic drugs.
Acne (blackheads or pimples) is a skin disease that
manifested by an increase in the activity of the sebaceous glands, the appearance of blackheads,
abscesses and scars. Acne is most common on the face, back and chest, although
can affect any part of the body. Sebaceous glands under the influence of testosterone
produce more sebum. Sebum becomes thicker and iron cannot
push it to the surface of the skin. Sebaceous plugs are formed – acne.
The hydro-lipid balance of the skin changes, and
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microorganisms that live on the surface of the skin begin
multiply faster. The bacteria enter the broad ducts of the sebaceous glands and
cause inflammation. Pus accumulates in the gland. In time the pus will erupt
outward, an ulcer is formed, later a scar.
Factors that increase the risk of developing acne while taking
Ø Diet high in sugars
Ø Insulin intake
Ø Hereditary tendency
Ø Disruption of the adrenal glands
Suppression of production
When hormones are supplied from the outside, the body stops
develop them yourself. Side effects of pharmacological drugs
anabolic steroids also include suppression of testosterone synthesis. Mechanim of this
the effect is as follows: a high concentration of the hormone in the blood suppresses the release
the activity of the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland – the gland in the brain that controls work
reproductive and adrenal glands, where testosterone is produced. IN
as a result, the brain stops sending signals to the glands and androgens are not
Decreased endocrine gland activity over time
can lead to their complete atrophy. What is not used in the body is
dies off. Suppression of testosterone production and a drop in the concentration of the hormone in
blood leads to such consequences.
Ø Increased fragility
Ø Decreased sexual
desire and sexual activity
Ø Memory problems,
concentration and productivity
Ø Fat deposition in the area
pelvis and abdomen
Long-term use of any synthetic analogs
testosterone leads to liver damage. The liver is considered the main
filtering organ, in its cells transformation of any
pharmacological preparations. Anabolic drugs affect the functionality of the liver through
• Change function
enzymes. Blood cholesterol levels increase with steroid exposure,
which increases the risk of toxic liver inflammation (hepatitis) and replacement
organ cells fat.
• Thickening of bile. IN
As a result of the high density, bile is deposited in the gallbladder. Formed
sediment, and later – stones. In addition, since bile does not enter the intestines,
there is a lack of fat-soluble vitamins.
• Nodal transformation
liver. Taking steroids causes a change in the structure of cells, and
nodes. Over time, these nodes can degenerate into malignant tumors..
Gynecomastia – an enlargement of the breast and surrounding
adipose tissue. After a course of steroids, gynecomastia may be irreversible. When
lack of testosterone increases the concentration of female sex hormones –
estradiol, progestogen and prolactin. The high level of these biologically
active substances causes the deposition of adipose tissue in the breast,
iron increases in volume.
Raised cholesterol and high blood pressure
Steroids can seriously damage the heart.
Synthetic testosterone analogs lower “good” cholesterol, increasing
the level of “bad” and also increase blood pressure. As a result, the combination
these factors increase the risk of developing heart disease.
The use of anabolic steroids for more than two years causes
myocardial dysfunction, accelerates the formation of cholesterol plaques in blood vessels and
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doubles the risk of dying from heart disease.
Overuse of steroids makes the blood thicker,
therefore, the risk of thrombosis increases. Drying athletes leads to even more
blood clots and increases the risk of pulmonary embolism.
The consequences of using pharmacology include the following
influence on the nervous system and higher cognitive functions:
Ø Increased aggression and
Ø Physical and
psychological dependence anabolic steroid sale
Ø Increasing degree
criticism, discontent and accusations
Ø Decreased memory,
concentration and productivity
Ø Fall of creative
productivity anavar 50 mg for sale
Testosterone Triggers Overgrowth of Hair,
while reducing the density of hair on the head. As a result, at
hereditary tendency to alopecia, baldness occurs. Hair loss
associated with the action of androgens on the receptors of dihydrotestosterone. number
receptors are genetically determined. Steroid use increases DHT levels and
Testicular atrophy and infertility
The testicles are the male sex glands that produce
a number of hormones and semen. Normal sperm production is concentration dependent
testosterone. The use of steroids disrupts the work of the pituitary gland (the main
endocrine gland of the body) and reduces the production of its own genital
hormones. As a result, the quantity and quality of sperm falls and the testicles shrink.
in size (atrophy).
In addition, the effects of steroid use in men
also include a change in the structure of sperm and a decrease in their number in
1 ml³. Decrease in the number of active spermatozoa and their quality mutations
lead to infertility in men.
In women, fertility is linked to the menstrual cycle and
ovulation. High testosterone concentrations reduce fat. And fat
necessary for the normal bearing of a child, and is also an endocrine organ,
which produces hormones. As a result, the woman stops ovulation and
menstruation (amenorrhea), infertility develops.
How to reduce harm from
That anabolic steroids are accompanied
with minimal side effects, you should adhere to these rules:
1. Buy funds only
at specialized points.
2. Observe the dosage and
frequency of drug intake.
3. Course of use
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anabolic steroids should not exceed 12 weeks.
4. Monitor regularly
cellular, biochemical and hormonal composition of blood.
5. Choose steroids with
minimal toxicity to the liver
6. In parallel, take
anti-estrogens, which will help restore testosterone balance and prevent
development of gynecomastia.
Opt for steroids with high anabolic
coefficient. This indicator determines the ratio of the anabolic effect to
androgenic. The higher the coefficient, the
lower risk of adverse reactions.
Steroids were originally used with therapeutic
goals. Indications for pharmacotherapy with anabolic steroids:
Ø Depletion at
oncopathology and HIV / AIDS
Ø Long-term treatment
radio therapy, cytostatics or corticosteroids
Ø Recovery after
operations or infections
Ø Diabetes mellitus
Ø Therapy of liver cirrhosis
Ø Steoporosis and muscle
Among the positive actions of anabolic steroids are
Ø Increased appetite and
Ø Stimulation of regeneration
Ø Strengthening bones
Ø Muscle enlargement
Ø Decrease in fat percentage
Ø Increase endurance and
Ø Stimulation of competitive
Ø Accelerating education
Ø Level up
oxygen in cells
The use of anabolic steroids in sports allows you to quickly
achieve results, increase muscle mass, improve performance and
endurance. A properly selected drug will not harm the body and will not
will provoke the development of side effects. Positive dynamics of training results,
rapid gains in muscle mass and strength are best achieved by coursework